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Early Jersery Wakefield 1906

Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage Seeds

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Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage (63 days)

One of the earliest accounts of Early Jersey Wakefield states that it was first grown in the U.S. by Francis Brill in Jersey City, N.J.  It was obtained from England under the same name.  This cabbage was first released publicly here by The Peter Henderson Seed Company in 1868.

Early Jersey Wakefield cabbage forms a compact, somewhat conical head with glaucous-green leaves. Early Jersey Wakfield is a wonderful early heading variety, occupying little garden space and was popular in nineteenth century markets.

A short-season variety particulary adapted in the South to overwintering in the field when small.  Sensitive to heat and does not thrive unless planted early, or grown in regions with cool summers.  The variety is suited to home garden as well as farmer market culture for early market. Weighs 3-3.5 pounds, 12-14" in height and 20-22" in width. 

1908     McKenzie Seed House says about early Jersey Wakefield ...
"First early cabbage variety. Long recognized as the best very early Cabbage. Medium in size; in shape, pyramidal, with a pointed peak. It is a reliable, certain header, and one of the most profitable to raise."

1929     Steele Briggs Seeds says
about early Jersey Wakefield ...
"One of the earliest and hardest heading of the extra early cabbage sorts; most gardeners depend upon it for the bulk of their extra early cabbage crop. Heads conical, very compact and solid, of excellent quality cabbage."

1932  Burpee's Seed Company says
about early Jersey Wakefield ...
"A productive cabbage variety.  The heads are uniformly hard and solid.  conical in form, generally pointed at the end, with but few outside leaves.  The heart is solid and well blanched."

Seed Savers 1992 Garden Seed Inventory says
about early Jersey Wakefield ...
"60-75 days.  Conical solid tightly folded heads, 5-7 " in diameter X 10-15" tall, 2-4 lbs., yellows resistant, can be planted close, smooth dark-green thick leaves, can be overwintered, resists splitting and introduced about 1840."

Early Jersey Wakefield is mentioned in Wickson's 1913 book California Vegetables as a great variety for the state.  This what he says in general about cabbage growing in California "The cabbage can be grown everywhere in California by selecting that season of the year which furnishes the adequate moisture and moderate temperature which best suits its nature.  These requirements adapt it well to winter growth generally in California except in the frostiest places, and give the plant a longer season and a greater attainment in weight in regions of rich soils open to coast influences.  It does not resent fogs and cold winds, and thrives directly upon the coast as well as in coast valleys".

Early Jersey Wakefield is Recommended by the Following State Universities or Ag Extension Offices as a variety that performs well for their region.  CA, FL, IL, TX


Seed Planting Depth

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100' Row Yield


1/4" 190-300 45-75 5-10 18" 24" 100 lb. Full

Planting Tips:

Start spring seedlings 4-5 weeks before transplanting.  Start fall transplants 2-3 months before first frost.  Transplant out to the garden when 3” tall at least 90 days before your first frost in midsummer.  When transplanting, enrich soil with a little blood and bone meal.  Needs cool temperatures to head properly – will bolt in heat.  Keeping soil evenly moist is a must for a healthy crop.

Set out your spring cabbage transplants early enough so that they can mature before the heat of summer, about 5 weeks before the last frost. For a longer cabbage harvest, plant 2 or 3 varieties with different maturities.

Soil:  Surprisingly, heirloom organic cabbage will do well on heavy clay soil, although it prefers a rich heavy loam.  It delights in copious amounts of composted manure mixed into the soil bed.  Remember not to plant cabbage seed in the same place year to year.  The soil pH should be between 6.0 and 7.5 for optimum growth and to discourage clubroot disease.

Heirloom seeds are hardy, but always take care with your garden seeds to give them the appropriate amount of moisture - don't let the vegetable seeds dry out prematurely, and don't overwater and possibly have them rot.

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