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Texas Bluebonnet

Market price: $4.25
Our price: $2.25
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Lupinus texensis

Texas Bluebonnet

  75 seeds covers about 20'
  1/2 pound covers 700 square feet
  1 pound covers 1,400 square feet.
  5 pounds covers 7,000 square feet
  35 pounds per acre

Drought toreant annual wildflower famous in Texas.  Sweet fragrance, blue flowers with white tips.

Lady Bird Johnson's Wildflower Center says...

"Texas bluebonnet, which starts flowering in mid-March. The peak blooming period is usually in mid-April, although the exact date is impossible to predict due to many environmental factors."

Plant the seeds in October & November (early October is best). Lupinus texensis (Texas bluebonnet) are annual plants; that is, they go from seed to flower to seed in one year. They germinate in the fall and grow throughout the winter, and usually bloom around the end of March to the mid-May. Around mid-May, they form a seedpod, which is green at first but turns yellow and then brown. Sometime between the yellow and brown form of the seedpod, the seeds mature. The seedpods pop open, releasing the small, hard seeds.

Seed Scarification
As noted, bluebonnet seeds have hard seed coats that often delay germination for a year of more. To increase the germination rate the first year, growers often scarify seeds. Scarification means scratching or nicking the seed coats to simulate natural weathering processes. Once scarified, most seeds will germinate quickly and should be watered for several weeks, especially if the weather is dry.

You can use the following methods to scarify seeds:

    * Physically nick the seeds with a knife (for small quantities).
    * Rub the seeds with sandpaper.
    * Freeze the seeds overnight, then quickly pour boiling water over the seeds and soak for several hours at room temperature.

It is not recommended to scarify Bluebonnet seeds that will not be receiving water during dry periods in the winter and early spring. Scarifying stimulates all of the seeds to germinate and does not leave residual seeds for subsequent years in the event of a drought. In addition, scarification can damage some seeds. It increases the number of seeds vulnerable to extreme weather conditions and diseasecausing organisms. Scarification does increase the number of seeds that germinate, but will not guarantee a healthy, self-seeding stand of bluebonnets; many other factors influence the growth and flowering of bluebonnets once the seeds have germinated. The goal may not be to have a high rate of initial germination, but rather a productive stand of flowering Bluebonnets that reseed on their own without the need for replanting each year."

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