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Organic Madawaska Buckwheat

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Fagopyrum tataricum
organic blue lake bean seedOrganic Madawaska Buckwheat
1 gram of seed or about 30 seeds.

Madawaska is a tartary buckwheat which is more bitter, but contains more rutin than common buckwheat.

  Ideally, the plant prefers light sandy-medium loam, but can handle heavy clay soils with good organic input.  Most buckwheat requires well-drained soil, but can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acidic soil. It cannot grow in the shade.

Leaves - raw or cooked. Acceptable raw when added in small quantities to mixed chopped salads, otherwise the leaves are much better cooked. They are rich in rutin.

Seed - cooked as a cereal.  The seed can also be sprouted and used in salads, or ground into a powder and used as a cereal.

An edible oil is obtained from the seed.

Simple threshing techniques:

Quinoa Growing Instructions

With it's origins in the high Andean plateau, quinoa is best adapted to cooler climates, but will grow in almost any moderate climate.  Keep in mind that those with hot summers may have reduced yields.  Quinoa doesn't like it's roots wet so make sure the soil doesn't stay inundated with water.  Plant 1/2 to 1" deep (depending on soil moisture) into a well prepared seed bed in late spring.  Space plants 3-4" apart on 24" rows for a single-headed crop.  For maximum yield, space plants 12" apart on 24" rows for multi branched plants.  Keep the soil moist while germinating.  
Quinoa spends it's first few weeks developing roots, so be vigilant to keep the soil weeded, or weeds can quickly take over a plot. Once the plants start to mature, the seeds will mature from the top of the plant down, allowing for an extended harvest.  If you wait until the whole plant is mature, the top seeds can shatter and be lost, so it's best to harvest the seed heads as they mature from the top down.  
Thresh into a clean bucket or garbage can by hitting the seed head against the side, or rubbing the seed head between gloved hands.  Quinoa contains a saponin coating that will need to be rinsed off before eating.  Before eating, soak the seeds for a few minutes, and then place the seeds into a colander under running water until no more foam forms.  
Quinoa seeding rate is about 10/lb per acre with yields normally between 1,000-3,000 lb per acre
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