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Organic Japanese Buckwheat

Market price: $3.49
Our price: $2.75
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Fagopyrum esculentum
Organic Japanese Buckwheat  (49 days)

    1 oz package

Buckwheat is the perfect smother crop, adding valuable green manure to your soil.  You can also harvest it for seed.  We do both.  We thresh the grain for our chickens and add the stalks to the compost pile.  This is THE crop for bee food.  Honeybees just love buckwheat and it makes a highly sought after honey rarely found on the market anymore.  You will notice that blossoms are more active in the morning when the plant produces more nectar. 

Remember, never plant buckwheat till all danger of frost has passed.  Don't worry, though -- you will have blossoms in about six weeks and seeds a few weeks later.  We normally plant several crops of buckwheat during the year.  If you are trying to raise different varieties, NEVER plant them at the same time, as they cross very easily.  Just raise one variety, harvest, then plant the next.  No worries, this is a quick crop!

It is believed Dutch settlers brought the first Buckwheat to the Hudson Valley of New York in the US.   It is said that production reached a peak in 1866 when the buckwheat grain was commonly used as a livestock feed and was in high demand for making flour .  A dye can also be made from buckwheat.

Buckwheat has a high rutin content, which reportedly gives it a powerful effect on the circulatory system. Doctors and homeopaths often prescribe rutin tablets for certain heart ailments, poor circulation, chilblains and varicose veins. Hardening of the arteries is said to respond particularly well to buckwheat's rutin acid content, as do chilblains, cold feet and hands, and fragile capillaries. If combined with vitamin C, buckwheat is said to assist in the removal of hemorrhage into the retina of the eye, reportedly lowers high blood pressure and is said to be invaluable for convalescents. To make buckwheat tea use 1/4 cup fresh leaves and flowers in 1 cup boiling water. Steep 5 minutes. Strain and sip slowly. Sweeten with buckwheat honey.

Seeding Rate: A seeding rate of 36 to 72 pounds per acre or 16 seeds per square foot .

For more information on Japanese Buckwheat.

Simple threshing techniques:

Quinoa Growing Instructions

With it's origins in the high Andean plateau, quinoa is best adapted to cooler climates, but will grow in almost any moderate climate.  Keep in mind that those with hot summers may have reduced yields.  Quinoa doesn't like it's roots wet so make sure the soil doesn't stay inundated with water.  Plant 1/2 to 1" deep (depending on soil moisture) into a well prepared seed bed in late spring.  Space plants 3-4" apart on 24" rows for a single-headed crop.  For maximum yield, space plants 12" apart on 24" rows for multi branched plants.  Keep the soil moist while germinating.  
Quinoa spends it's first few weeks developing roots, so be vigilant to keep the soil weeded, or weeds can quickly take over a plot. Once the plants start to mature, the seeds will mature from the top of the plant down, allowing for an extended harvest.  If you wait until the whole plant is mature, the top seeds can shatter and be lost, so it's best to harvest the seed heads as they mature from the top down.  
Thresh into a clean bucket or garbage can by hitting the seed head against the side, or rubbing the seed head between gloved hands.  Quinoa contains a saponin coating that will need to be rinsed off before eating.  Before eating, soak the seeds for a few minutes, and then place the seeds into a colander under running water until no more foam forms.  
Quinoa seeding rate is about 10/lb per acre with yields normally between 1,000-3,000 lb per acre
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