Peppers are tropical in origin and MUST have heat to germinate and grow properly. I personally like a constant soil temperature above 65F or warmer when starting my pepper seeds. Ideal is 75-85 degrees.
Soil & Planting Organic Heirloom Pepper Seeds
I generally use sterile soil that has either been purchased from a nursery supply or you can learn to solar sterilize your own potting mix straight from your sifted, aged compost. However, that is a article for another time. What is important for you to understand when planting any seed, is there is a host of organism that will try to attack your seed or seedling. Us humans have discovered if we use sterile soil (heat treated) most of these organism are not present or dead. This year we will offer for sale the same mix I use here on the farm to plant thousands of seedlings, but if you don't get it here get it at a local nursery. Your success rate with germination will be astonishingly higher.
Remember this mix contains little if any nutrients. Most of what the pepper initially needs is in the seed itself. Many people burn small seedlings buy adding fertilizer straight to this soil. Do not! Later when the seedling have 3-4 leaves on them you can fertilize with a organic seaweed solution. OK, now lets get those little pepper seeds planted! The next big mistake many people make with pepper seeds is planting to deep. You need to plant your tiny pepper seeds only a 1/4 inch deep. That is it, no deeper! Next, LIGHTLY tamp the soil over the seed to make sure you have good seed to soil contact. I normally water this potting mix BEFORE I plant as it makes putting tiny holes in easier and I don't wash away my little pepper seeds.
Germination and Small Heirloom Pepper Plants
Now you have tucked your tiny organic pepper seeds in the mix. They are moist, you are keeping the soil a balmy 75F and nothing is happening. BE PATIENT. Some pepper seeds can take as long as 6 weeks to germinate. As soon as your little pepper plants do start breaking through the soil move them to a sunny location (morning sun or filtered afternoon sun) if they are not already there. Now, you just need to keep them warm and moist. Moist I say, not water logged or the pepper seedlings will die. Once your seedlings have reached the 3 leaf stage I normally remove any protective clear cover you may have on them to allow for excellent air circulation. It is at this stage you can fertilize by making a seaweed tea.
Yelp you heard right! Seaweed tea my friends is just what these little pepper plants need. Seaweed/Kelp contains a substance called gibberellic acid. This literally is a natural growth hormone that will send those seedlings reaching for the sun! We carry seaweed/kelp so don't forget to order it and follow the directions to make your tea.
That is all there is to successfully starting peppers or tomato seeds for that matter. Remember not to transplant your pepper plants to the garden till night time temperatures are constantly staying over 65 degrees. The warmer the better. A mistake many people make is transplanting too soon and the poor pepper plants just never really do much after being stunted by the cool nights. Be patient, follow this advice and send me some photos of your pepper bounty! Farmer John
Thank you so much for your prompt service. I love what you're doing and hope to become a regular customer!Mary ann
First of all, I would like to tell you how much I love your company and its offerings. I have been gardening in earnest for only a couple years now, but have had great success with all your products. Plus, I love all that you stand for and promote.Hailey
Just wanted to let you know I received my seeds, and I want to thank you on how quick my order was picked and shipped to me. I had order some seeds from another seed company in Missouri about a month ago still no seeds and no response from several...Arnold
Thanks .. great seeds last year close to 100% germination ratio.Charles
I was very happy with my first order from your company!!! Now, others in my family also need the seeds. Thank you so muchTanisha
thank you so much! Pleasure to support you, happy to do so, hope to in the future as well. It was great to read all that info on each seed, and tips on planting, collecting seed, etc. Made it easier to make my seed choices.Kerstin
I absolutely love your company and the work you do. I recently ordered my seeds and am waiting impatiently for Spring to arrive.Lara
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Thanks for the speedy delivery. The wheat has been planted and the majority has taken hold... already 4" high and its only been planted for 9 days :) I can't wait to plant the other stuff next spring. I told others about your companySam