Delgold Tobacco

Delgold Tobacco

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Market price: $8.99
Our price: $3.49
SKU163831
SKU163832

Quantity 286 item(s) available
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Nicotiana tabacum
Delgold Tobacco

Tobacco seeds are VERY tiny.  Package contains 100 seeds.


Bred in Canada around 1980 by crossing wild tobacco (N. rustica) with two popular American tobacco varieties, Hicks Broadleaf tobacco and Virginia 115 tobacco. This cross produced a plant that was a high-yielding, high-nicotine cultivar that was widely adopted by growers. Delgold tobacco is still considered one of the better yielding flue-cured varieties available on the market today.

Giant 6-8' tobacco with leaves over 18" long and 12".  Delgold just kept coming every time I would cut it.  Soft pink flowers.  I was shocked at this tobaccos frost tolerance, but then again I got the original seed stock from Canada.  This tobacco variety works well for us on the West Coast because it will perform in our cool weather. (2010 update.  We have 12' tall plants growing now that have gone through a week of night time freezing lows that have burned our citrus trees, but not this tobacco.  Truthly I'm a bit stunned!)

We grow tobacco to use an insecticide on our plants and chickens.  As I type this, it is hanging in bunches over my head in the rafters of our seed shop.  I forget it is there, and I think what is that sweet smell!  This tobacco is so sweetly fragrant.  I grind tobacco leaves up and use it as a dust on the chickens for mites/Lice.  I also soak tobacco leaves in water to make a concoction to spray on bugs in the garden. 

Start tobacco seeds indoors 4-8 weeks before outdoor planting time.  Sow thinly in a lightweight sterile soil mix.  BARELY cover the tobacco seed or don't cover it at all.  Press the soil firmly and water.  Keep evenly moist, but not soggy.  I recommend bottom heating the seed tray unless your soil has a constant 75 degrees or more temperature.  Remember tobacco is a tropical crop.  As tobacco seedlings appear, gradually expose them to direct light.  When the tobacco seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant into pots.  Harden off by gradual exposure to outdoor conditions.  After spring frosts transplant to garden 36" apart.

Article on Organic Tobacco Production
 

Heirloom Tobacco Seeds Planting Instructions

Sow tobacco seeds indoors in flats, trays or small pots 6-8 weeks before transplanting. A plastic tray with 4 or 6 packs inserts works very well. Fill trays approximately 3 inches deep with a fine starting mix soil or potting soil. Pack soil very lightly. Potting soil should be screened to remove any large chunks. Thoroughly soak soil and let drain before seeding. Do not use garden soil.

Sprinkle 2-3 tobacco seeds in each pot on top of the moistened soil. Do NOT cover seed. Mist the seeds lightly with a spray bottle and cover the tray loosely with a plastic dome or sheet of clear light plastic film. Do not seal tightly. Leave a corner propped up to allow some air exchange. Place in a well lit area near a window or under grow lights where the temperature is a constant 70-80 degrees. Do not exceed 85 degrees. Mist the trays daily and keep the soils surface moist at all times. Seeds will germinate in 7-14 days. Tobacco seed germination is very temperature dependant. Lower temperatures will greatly delay germination.

When the tobacco seeds start sprouting, remove the plastic cover and move to a fully light area such as a greenhouse, cold frame or under grow lights. Keep soil moist at all times, but do not over water. Water when the surface of the soil first begins to appear dry. Over watering may cause seedlings to dampen off, and impedes root development. Thin or divide tobacco seedlings to 1 per pot.

 

Planting instructions for tobacco plants:

Set seedlings outside in filtered sunlight for 2-4 hours per day for a week before planting to acclimate and harden off the tobacco seedlings. Plant seedlings in rows spaced 2 feet in all directions after all danger of frost has passed. Keep soil moist until plants are established. It is normal for plants to wilt after
transplanting and appear not to grow at all during the first 2 weeks. All the growth is taking place under ground at this stage. Once established, tobacco requires little water. Fertilize lightly at planting and again in 4-6 weeks only if needed. 

Cut off the flower heads when they appear. Topping forces the energy into the leaves making them larger and thicker. Cut off suckers (side branches) when topping. Leaves ripen 2-3 weeks after topping and are ready to harvest when they turn yellow, or become a mottled green and yellow with curled edges.

 

Harvesting and curing tobacco:

Tobacco leaves may be picked as they ripen (primed) and strung on wire or string with ½ inch of space between them for curing. Whole plants can be cut and hung when 50% of the leaves show signs of ripening. Curing (aka color curing) happens when chlorophyll in the leaf breaks down and the leaf changes from green or yellow to brown. Hang leaves or plants in an area where you can maintain a daily average of 70-80% humidity to cure and dry. Basements or outdoor sheds often make great curing locations.  If dried to quickly, the leaf will not cure and will dry green. Tobacco that fails to cure and dries green is unsmokable.

After curing, continue to dry the tobacco leaf until it is completely dry and the main stem snaps like a twig. Once cured and dried, the leaf can be left to hang and age where it is, or brought back into case (re-humidified until the leaf is pliable) then packed into cardboard boxes for storage and to age. Aging allows time for nitrogen compounds in the leaf to break down, which removes the harshness of freshly cured tobacco and lets the true flavors come through.

For a downloadable PDF of these instructions, click here.

Don't forget there is tons more growing, curing and other information at Fair Trade Tobacco. 

Put your Blend Recipes here!!

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