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Organic Tokyo Buckwheat


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organic blue lake bean seedOrganic Tokyo Buckwheat (120 days)

  1 gram packet, contains about 30 seeds.

Tokyo is an older variety of buckwheat. Tokyo has med-large seeds that mature in mid season.  Commonly used in Japan for many years, Tokyo is still very popular in Soba flour. 

Tokyo buckwheat is one of the best sources of high-quality, easily digestible proteins in the plant kingdom. Its 74% protein absorption rate makes Tokyo an excellent meat substitute. Buckwheat is also very high in carbohydrates (80%) and in antioxidants as well as in numerous minerals and vitamins such as zinc, copper, and niacin.

  Cultivar mean±SD
Assay Mancan Manor Tokyo
Moisture (%) 16.2±0.9 10.1±0.2 10.9±0.1
Proteinz (%) 14.2±0.6 14.6±0.3 11.9±0.4
Crude Fiber (%) 1.57±0.30 1.21±0.03 1.57±0.10
Ash (%) 1.85±0.01 1.66±0.01 1.39±0.01
Lipidsy (%) 2.6±0.3 2.2 ±0.3 2.1±0.2
Carbohydratesx (%) 79.8±1.6 80.3±0.8 83.0±1.1
K (%) 0.44±0.01 0.42±0.01 0.41±0.01
P (%) 0.36±0.02 0.35±0.01 0.26±0.02
Mg (%) 0.21±0.01 0.20±0.01 0.20±0.01
Ca (ppm) 180.5±7.4 180.5±10.6 220.5±6.5
Fe (ppm) 24.8±1.8 21.4±0.3 21.2±0.9
Zn (ppm) 23.4±0.4 22.0±1.6 22.8±1.1
Mn (ppm) 10.2±0.2 10.0±0.5 10.2±0.4
Cu (ppm) 4.6±0.3 3.7±0.1 4.3±0.2

zN x 6.25.
ySoxhlet, petroleum ether for 8 h.
xBy difference.   
This chart if from Purdue University by G. Mazza


Simple threshing techniques:

Quinoa Growing Instructions

With it's origins in the high Andean plateau, quinoa is best adapted to cooler climates, but will grow in almost any moderate climate.  Keep in mind that those with hot summers may have reduced yields.  Quinoa doesn't like it's roots wet so make sure the soil doesn't stay inundated with water.  Plant 1/2 to 1" deep (depending on soil moisture) into a well prepared seed bed in late spring.  Space plants 3-4" apart on 24" rows for a single-headed crop.  For maximum yield, space plants 12" apart on 24" rows for multi branched plants.  Keep the soil moist while germinating.  
Quinoa spends it's first few weeks developing roots, so be vigilant to keep the soil weeded, or weeds can quickly take over a plot. Once the plants start to mature, the seeds will mature from the top of the plant down, allowing for an extended harvest.  If you wait until the whole plant is mature, the top seeds can shatter and be lost, so it's best to harvest the seed heads as they mature from the top down.  
Thresh into a clean bucket or garbage can by hitting the seed head against the side, or rubbing the seed head between gloved hands.  Quinoa contains a saponin coating that will need to be rinsed off before eating.  Before eating, soak the seeds for a few minutes, and then place the seeds into a colander under running water until no more foam forms.  
Quinoa seeding rate is about 10/lb per acre with yields normally between 1,000-3,000 lb per acre
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